Hyderabad-based mathematical physicist Kumar Eswaran has claimed that he has found proof of the 161-year-old unsolved mathematical problem, the Riemann Hypothesis. RH is considered to be among the top 10 unsolved mathematical problems by American mathematician Stephen Smale.
In 2000, RH was declared as a Millennium Prize Problem, which is one of the seven mathematical problems selected by the Clay Mathematics Institute of Cambridge, Mass, USA. A reward of $1milllion has been announced for the solution.
Eswaran, who is a mathematical physicist at Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, says one can easily count the prime numbers from 1-20, but it becomes a difficult job to calculate prime numbers for big figures such as 1 million or 10 billion or more.
It has been about five years since Eswaran put up his research on the internet titled ‘The final and exhaustive proof of the Riemann Hypothesis from first principles’. However, the editors of international journals were not keen to take his explanation.
However, thanks to thousands of downloads in 2020, an expert committee was set up to look into the proof developed by Eswaran. The committee comprised eight mathematicians and theoretical physicists. After scrutinising the comments of the seven reviewers and the response of the author, the committee concluded that Eswaran’s proof was valid.
According to Eswaran, the hypothesis was important to prove as it would enable mathematicians to exactly count the prime numbers.